How should Catholics relate to Muslims? What does the Catholic Church say about Muslims and their faith? What can we do to combat misunderstanding and discrimination that often faces Muslims in Christian communities?
I talked to Catholic News Service about these questions for a new video on Catholic-Muslim dialogue, part of their series of videos about interreligious dialogue fifty years after Vatican II:
Here are excerpts from the Second Vatican Council’s documents that have to do with Muslims:
“…the plan of salvation also includes those who acknowledge the Creator. In the first place amongst these there are the Muslims, who, professing to hold the faith of Abraham, along with us adore the one and merciful God, who on the last day will judge mankind…” (Lumen Gentium 16)
“The Church regards with esteem also the Muslims. They adore the one God, living and subsisting in Himself; merciful and all- powerful, the Creator of heaven and earth, who has spoken to men; they take pains to submit wholeheartedly to even His inscrutable decrees, just as Abraham, with whom the faith of Islam takes pleasure in linking itself, submitted to God. Though they do not acknowledge Jesus as God, they revere Him as a prophet. They also honor Mary, His virgin Mother; at times they even call on her with devotion. In addition, they await the day of judgment when God will render their deserts to all those who have been raised up from the dead. Finally, they value the moral life and worship God especially through prayer, almsgiving and fasting.” (Nostra Aetate 3)